Piedmont is one of the most important wine regions in Italy with around 43,150 hectares of vineyards. Surrounded by the mountains, the climate varies depending on where you are: the alpine area, the Po valley or the outer foothills. Since the region is relatively close to the sea, the climate is mostly continental, with great temperature variations, both daily and yearly. During winter and fall, very dense fog banks form on the plains.
Though it has a long winemaking history, today Piedmont boasts numerous native grapes, which go into the making of some of the world’s best wines. Nebbiolo is the most famous grape and is used for the production of Barolo and Barbaresco. The other two most well-known red grapes are Dolcetto and Barbera, the latter being the most widespread of all local varieties. There are also many quality white wines such as Moscato d’Asti, Arneis and Gavi being made.